Wave energy is created by the wind passing over the surface of the ocean. The irregular and oscillating flow of wave energy in oceans (kinetic energy) can transmit energy over long distances with little degradation. The energy in a wave is determined and calculated by wave height, speed, length, and the density of the water.
Wave technologies can be used in near shore, offshore, and far offshore locations, but it is likely that the further from shore the electricity is being produced, the more costly it will be to deliver to the grid. Several proposals have been brought forward for British Columbia but there are no active project development plans in Canada at present.
Housed out of the University of Victoria, the West Coast Wave Collaboration Project is a government and industry resource assessment initiative that will develop modeling expertise, advance the development of wave energy projects in BC, and provide critical information to wave energy device developers.